Series: Learning Outcomes for Higher Education

Thanks to a generous grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, CCR has developed a series of leading-edge Learning Outcomes (defined as “what students should know and be able to do” to avoid confusions about taxonomy). The principal focus of the Learning Outcomes for the courses is to assist faculty and curriculum designers in the creation of course syllabi, content and assessments. The Learning Outcomes are the result of the work of expert faculty teams and analysis of a highly researched set of existing discipline standards which included:

  • Recommendations from leading disciplinary organizations.
  • Comparisons to best-selling textbooks, notable newly released textbooks, AP courses, and discipline assessments.
  • Innovations and modernization, with recent topics and relevant applications of the discipline.
  • Transformational DEI sensitive centered curriculum framework for each of the courses.

These Learning Outcomes are in the process of being approved by the discipline-relevant
organizations. In the meantime, our hope is that readers will adopt these Learning Outcomes in their courses and provide feedback at

Introduction to (General) Chemistry:

Introduction to Psychology:

Introduction to Sociology:

Introduction to Statistics/Probabilities: